PRINCIPLES OF OPERATION
The Heater operation is controlled by an electronic micro controller (Programmed Controller) supported by hardware and
software. The hardware is based on a microprocessor and power handling circuits that direct signals and power to and
from all inputs and outputs. The microprocessor is programmed with software to receive input data, perform calculations,
and send output signals and data. The software is a unique set of instructions that the microprocessor executes to
perform calculations, store information, read input data, control output signals, and measure time.
Programmed Controller inputs are required to power the electronic controller board, and to provide input data to the
micro-processor. Programmed Controller outputs are used to operate the Heater assemblies for ignition, air delivery, fuel
delivery, safety, and self diagnosis.
The Burner uses a fuel spinner that can atomize all types of diesel fuel; a sheathed glow plug ignitor is used to ignite the
fuel; a Burner Temperature Sensor (Thermocouple) in the Burner, and another in the Heat Exchanger exhaust monitor
operating temperatures. During the Heater start up, the Ignitor is energized, and a small amount of fuel is then introduced
(approximately one minute after the Ignitor is turned on). When ignition of the fuel happens, the Programmed Controller
will sense a rapid Burner temperature increase. When this temperature increase is detected, the Programmed Controller
will output signals to deliver more combustion air and fuel to the primary burner. Fuel is pumped through a spinning shaft
spraying the fuel into a mist, which is then ignited. As the Burner temperature steadily increases, so does the air and fuel
delivery rates. If at any time during this ramp-up phase a flame-out should occur, the Programmed Controller will reduce
air and fuel delivery until the Burner temperature sensor detects that ignition has been re-established.
During start up, about 10 to 20 percent of the normal fuel quantity is delivered for ignition purposes. This ensures a safely
controlled start and prevents the Burner from flooding with fuel. This allows the operator to restart the Heater without
excessive fuel build up inside the Burner and the Heat Exchanger.
Note: The operator should not try more than three (3) consecutive start attempts
without referring to the Diagnostic Display code displayed, and commencing
Troubleshooting and any recommended maintenance actions.