MAINTENANCE FUNCTIONS (CONT).
Calibrate. To determine and cause corrections to be made or to be adjusted on instruments or test, measuring,
and diagnostic equipment used in precision measurement. Consists of comparisons of two instruments, one of which is a
certified standard of known accuracy, to detect and adjust any discrepancy in the accuracy of the instrument being
Remove/Install. To remove and install the same item when required to perform service or other maintenance
functions. Install may be the act of emplacing, seating, or frxing into position a spare, repair part, or module (component
or assembly) in a manner to allow the proper functioning of an equipment or system.
Replace. To remove an unserviceable item and install a serviceable counterpart in its place. "Replace" is
authorized by the MAC and assigned maintenance level is shown as the third position code of the SMR code.
Repair. The application of maintenance services 1 including fault location/troubleshooting 2, removal/installation
and disassembly/assembly 3 procedures, and maintenance actions 4 to identify troubles and restore serviceability to an
item by correcting specific damage, fault, malfunction, or failure in a part, subassembly, module (component or assembly),
end item, or system.
Overhaul. That maintenance effort (service/action) prescribed to restore an item to a completely
serviceable/operational condition as required by maintenance standards in appropriate technical publications (i.e.
DMWR). Overhaul is normally the highest degree of maintenance performed by the Army. Overhaul does not normally
return an item to like new condition.
Rebuild. Consists of those services/actions necessary for the restoration of unserviceable equipment to a like
new condition in accordance with original manufacturing standards. Rebuild is the highest degree of materiel
maintenance applied to Army equipment. The rebuild operation includes the act of returning to zero those age
measurements (e.g. hours/miles) considered in classifying Army equipment/components.
B-3. EXPLANATION OF COLUMNS IN THE MAC, SECTION II.
Column (1), Group Number. Column 1 lists functional group code numbers, the purpose of which is to identify
maintenance significant components, assemblies, subassemblies, and modules with the next higher assembly.
Column (2), Component/Assembly. Column 2 contains the item names of components, assemblies,
subassemblies, and modules for which maintenance is authorized.
Column (3), Maintenance Function. Column 3 lists functions to be performed on the item listed in Column 2.
(For detailed explanation of these functions, see paragraph B-2.)
1Services Inspect, test, service, adjust, align, calibrate, and/or replace.
2Fault location/troubleshooting The process of investigating and detecting the cause of equipment malfunctioning; the act
of isolating a fault within a system or unit under test (UUT).
3Disassembly/assembly The step-by-step breakdown (taking apart) of a spare/functional group coded item to the level of
its least component, that is assigned an SMR code for the level of maintenance under consideration (i.e. identified as
4Actions Welding, grinding, riveting, straightening, facing, machining, and/or resurfacing.